What are bunions?
Bunions, medically referred to as Hallux Abducto-Valgus, refers to the destruction, enlargement and deformation of the first metatarso-phalageal joint. The enlarged ‘bump’ is due to the change of the structure of the affected bone and joint.
Bunions often cause pain, tenderness, redness, deformation of the joint. It can prevent people from finding shoes wide enough and this usually leads to people painfully ‘squeezing’ into their shoes, aggravating everything further.
In severe cases, bunions can also cause the first and second toes to overlap each other and this in turn causes further issues such as clawed second digits, arthritis and corns.
Bunions that occur on the 5th metatarso-phalangeal joint are exactly the same. These are referred to loosely as a ‘tailor’s bunion’.